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Bergamo Bee Balm (Monarda) Seeds

$2.50

Bergamo Bee Balm (Monarda) Seeds

$2.50
SKU:
P-4661.2
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Product Description

Monarda Citriodora

50 Seeds | 

 

Bee Balm that gets Powdery Mildew is now in the past with this new Dutch variety, it is even not present in rainy or humid climates, where most gardeners have hesitated to grow Bee Balm-Monarda. This is a  Winner of the Fleuroselect Gold Medal, Europe's Top Honor. Monarda is a mainstay of the sunny annual bed, containers, and even the vegetable garden, where it brings in "good bugs" such as pollinating bees! 'Bergamo' takes all those merits and adds three more,  mildew resistance, very early blooms, and beautiful new color,  long, flower-packed spikes begin opening just 8 to 10 weeks after the seeds sprout. They combine lilac and rosy-violet shades for an intense, dark color that really stands out.  Bergamo reaches 20 to 28 inches tall and about 12-15 inches wide .  Squash, cucumbers, melons, eggplant, okra, tomatoes and other vegetables in your garden depend on bees to set fruit, so plant yourself some insurance with flowers that will attract them. Bee balm is one of their favorites.

How to Grow Monarda (Bee Balm) 

  • As soon as the weather is dependably warm and sunny, you should see the bees visiting your plants. Bee balm is perennial in Zones 4 through 9, so put it in a corner of the garden were it can grow undisturbed. It will multiply, too. If you “deadhead,” or cut off the old blooms when they fade, bee balm will bloom longer.

  • Durable, hardy and truly a showy garden performer. Leaves are magnets for bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Zones 4-9. A blend of red, salmon and pinks. Deer resistant. A wonderful dried plant that will grow to 30'.

  • START INDOORS in a warm, well-lighted area 6-9 weeks before last frost. Sow seeds at the surface and push gently into soil, needs light to germinate, with no more than 1/8" deep in seed starting formula. Keep evenly moist to dry- not soaked.

  • Seedlings emerge in 14-25 days at 62-65º F. Bi-annual plant that blooms in the second year, with the first year devoted to root growth. Monarda seed does not require any cold treatment, but germination will improve with several weeks of cold stratification. Germinates in two to three weeks at a rate of 60 to 70 percent.

  • TRANSPLANT seedlings after all danger of frost has passed, then plant out in light soil 10" apart.

  • GARDEN HINTS: Full sun to partial shade, likes well drained soil. Harvest fresh when almost completely open. Hang to dry. Add bee balm to flower beds or an herb garden for life and color. Try it in view of a window so you will not miss the acrobatics of hummingbirds that visit in summer.

  • Bee balm also attracts butterflies and bees. In a sunny field or meadow, let plants spread and multiply to create a blanket of color. For prolific blooms, plant in full sun; in the South and Southwest a little afternoon shade helps flowers last longer. Picking the flowers encourages a second round of blooms. Plant in rich, well-drained soil with a pH from 6.0 to 6.7. Amend the soil with compost or add a slow-release fertilizer to the soil before planting. Although it tolerates drought, your plant will do much better if it gets adequate moisture; however, protect it from poor drainage, especially in winter.

  • Every 3 or 4 years, dig up and divide the plants. Discard the old center section and replant the outer roots and shoots.

  • Bee balm can get powdery mildew. To avoid mildew, plant where there is good air circulation and avoid overhead watering. Also cut back plants in the fall, remove old stems, and clean up old mulch. Pick bee balm flowers in summer as they appear. You can cut whole stems of bee balm to enjoy the flowers in a vase. Pick flowers for drying just before they open.

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