Vegetable Garden – Tips on How To Grow Perilla From Seeds
It is said that the Perilla seeds form an essential part of the very well known seven spices of Japan, which had originated more than 300 years ago in Kyoto. The green perilla leaves are often wrapped around sushi or served with "sashimi" as a garnish. They can also be added to soups, tempura or dried and sprinkled over your favorite rice. In Japan the chefs add red perilla to tofu or bean curd dishes or use it wrapped around pieces of meat.
IMPORTANT SOWING INFORMATION ABOUT PERILLA SEEDS
One of the challenges in growing Perilla is to handle
the seed germination issue.
- Perilla seeds have dormant characteristics
and seeds will not germinate during this period.
- The dormant period
can begin any time just after the fresh seeds harvested ,
seeds will have good germination after this dormant period finished.
- Therefore many experienced farmers prefer to use post-dormant old
seeds than pre-dormant fresh seeds in planting.
- It has been reported
that the dormant period can be broken and shortened if seeds kept in
a low temperature, 35-45 F, for at least 1-3 months.
- Therefore it
is suggested to seal seeds in a bag and store it in a refrigerator
(not freezer) for at least 1-3 months, if not to be planting soon.
- For obtaining the best and uniform germination possible, it is suggested to soak seeds overnight before sowing, however keep the soil moist during the germination period.
- Sow the Perilla Seeds 6-8 weeks before the last spring frost in your zone. See the USDA form below to determine approximant date.
- Perilla Seeds require light to germinate and should NOT be covered , but do keep the soil moist during the germination by misting the soil immediately after sowing and keep the soil moist until germination occurs.
- Germination takes about 7-14 days depending on the light and soil temperature.
- The seedlings can be thinned or transplanted when they have several sets of mature leaves.
USDA Hardiness Zone -First Frost Date- Last Frost Date
- Zone 1 -July 15th -June 15th
- Zone 2 -August 15th- May 15th
- Zone 3 -September 15th May 15th
- Zone 4 -September 15th May 15th
- Zone 5 -October 15th April 15th
- Zone 6 -October 15th April 15th
- Zone 7 -October 15th April 15th
- Zone 8 -November 15th March 15th
- Zone 9 -December 15th February 15th
- Zone 10 -December 15th January 31st (sometimes earlier)
- Zone 11 -No frost. No frost.